Biodiversity is the variety of life. It can be studied on many levels. At the highest level, you can look at all the different species on the entire Earth.This variety is known as Bio diversity.
India is one of the mega-diverse nations in the world. It is called so because the country’s gamuts of life forms are wonderfully different wherever you might be. From extreme cold to extreme heat, coastal areas to rain forests, tropical jungles to mangrove belts, the extraordinary weather and climatic conditions have created homes and habitats for more than 50, 000 species of plants and 40,000 species of animals.
India is just 2 percent of the world land mass but 8 percent of the world’s biodiversity is found in the country.
16 types of forests are found in India including the evergreen tropical rain forests, dry alpine scrub forests, semi evergreen rain forests, deciduous monsoon forests, thorn forests, subtropical pine forests and more.
India has some of the wettest, driest, hottest and coldest regions in the world.
There are 15,000 species of flowering plants in India.
11 percent of plant biodiversity in the world is found in India.
2546 species of fishes are found in India.
India has 198 species of Amphibians.
423 species of mammals are present in India.In the country there are 1331 species of birds.
408 species of reptiles inhabit India.
There are 50,000 varieties of rice alone found in the country, making it the biggest reservoir of rice on earth
Among plants 33 percent of the species are endemic to India, which means they are found nowhere else in the world.